Many Eritrean refugees in Egypt are facing high risk of deportation to Eritrea by the Egyptian government in this time, where they could face a big probability of imprisonment and torture by the Eritrean government. Some of these refugees were caught while entering to Egypt by illegal means while others when sailing illegally to Europe through the Mediterranean Sea, according to a member of the Eritrean refugee committee in Egypt.
These refugees were caught in different times by the Egyptian security forces starting from the last year 2015 and until the recent days. Some of these refugees are registered in the UNHCR office in Egypt and hold the yellow and blue refugee cards while others are arrested and put in prison before they register in the UNHCR.
The Eritrean refugees in the Egypt who face the risk of deportation to Eritrea are from different genders and ages. There are children, women and many young people among these refugees who live in a very difficult prison conditions in different jails of Egypt. Among the known detention facilities in the Eritrean refugees are held in are: Aswan, Alexandria, Algander and Portsaeed. It is difficult to establish the exact number of Eritrean refugees held in detention but by the end of July it is estimated there about 150.
There is a deep concern among these refugees that they might be subjected to detention and tortures at the hand of the Eritrean authorities if they return to Eritrea because the Eritrean government considers them as criminals and traitors.
They fled from Eritrea escaping the unlimited military conscription and the worst political and economic situation there. They left their country, in an illegal and perilous journey where there is a shoot to kill policy by the Eritrean border guards with Sudan and Ethiopia. This journey continues to be dangerous, even after fleeing Eritrea to either Ethiopia or Sudan because of the existence of the human trafficking gangsters and smugglers who kidnap and torture the refugees in order to get high amount of ransom in return.
The Egyptian government is repeatedly seen to deport Eritrean refugees who try to enter Egypt and also those who tried to reach Europe through the Mediterranean Sea, to the government in Eritrea. These refugees are being quickly taken in a secret manner from the airport of Massawa to unknown place to hide a serious punishment which might be taken against them and which is believed to reach to a physical liquidation to some of them.
It is reported that the number of the Eritrean refugees detained by the Egyptian border guards while trying to cross to Egypt through the Sudan and also while to sail to Europe through the Mediterranean Sea has increased after mid 2015.
Human rights organizations continuously criticize the international community in general and the high commissioner for refugees in particular for not doing their duty to stop the crimes committed by the Egyptian and the Sudanese governments against Eritrean refugees.