Translated from Tigrigna
Sudanese authorities have deported 115 Eritreans and Ethiopians migrants captured within the first month of this year crossing to Libya and Egypt, Monitors from Sudan have reported.
The migrants were arrested during operations conducted by Rapid Support Forces (RSF), a paramilitary force administered by National Intelligence and security service of the country. Sudanese government, since mid-2016, has deployed RSF on norther part of the country to curb the migration flow to Libya and Egypt.
The report indicates that the Eritrean deportees might have been handed over to their Government’s security unit station in Tesseney town, Gash-Barka region. But the number of these Eritreans has not been disclosed yet.
After its multimillion dollar deal with the EU, the Sudanese government is taking stern measures to curb illegal migration to and from its country. Sudan has increased its border security by deploying more forces after it institutionalized sever anti-human trafficking law in 2014 that punishes alleged traffickers with up to 20 year’s imprisonment.
The report also sheds some lights that Eritrean and Sudanese securities are working hand in hand in stemming the unabated outward flow of Eritrean migrants. The two parties are working based on a secret deal that would enable the Sudanese authorities to intern Eritrean migrants, while crossing into and from Sudan, and hand them over to the Eritrean government. Mohammed Ata’almula Abbas, top Sudanese security official’s recent visit to Asmara to talk with the Eritrean authorities on extra austere measures in dealing with Eritrean migrants to Sudan can justify the coalition front the two countries are forging to curb illegal migration
Besides, beginning from December of last year, Sudanese Intelligence and security service in collaboration with Eritrea’s external security units are conducting various operations to crack down a trafficking network long established in Kassala and Khartoum. Thus the number of Eritreans using the Eritrea-Kassala route is relatively descending. Thus Eritrean migrants are using the coastal route along the Red-Sea that brings them to Port Sudan.
Africa Monitors monitor from Khartoum further added to their report that. Eritrean migrants arrested while entering Sudan are having a bigger chance of ending up reaching UNHCR sponsored camps than those arrested crossing Sudanese border to Libya or Egypt. The latter mostly face direct deportation or detention before deportation. For this reason the number of migrants arriving and deciding to stay in Sudan highs in comparison to the number of migrants who intends to proceed far north.
According to the Monitors’ report, Rounding-ups on bigger cities of Sudan where out of -camps Eritrean refugees reside is continually conducted by security forces. As registering at UNHCR branches and holding refugee documents are not being prioritized by most of Eritreans, many are victimized on the ongoing roundups.
Sudanese government is also accusing Illegal migrants from Eritrea and Ethiopia that they are not moving on with the traditional values and norms of Sudanese people. Migrants from these countries, especially those inhabiting in the bigger cities like Khartoum, Omdurman and Kassala are being spotted as spoilers.
Sudanese authorities believe, migrants are exercising activities which are inhibited by the Shari’a Law, like Selling and consuming contrabanded liquors, sporting unaccustomed clothing and building intimate relationships.
Thus, Sudanese security forces seems to be entitled to exert pressure by conducting roundups on suspicion. As a result many Eritreans and Ethiopians migrants, especially women who work in restaurants, cafes, and retailers are being preyed upon.